The Automorphism and Coexistence of The Quantum Eﬀects
Ziaei, Babak (2017-04-25)
Aineistoon ei liity tiedostoja.
This work is a study on the symmetry groups of quantum mechanics accompanied by its applications on the coexistence of qubit eﬀects. We surveyed among some of the mappings known as preservers on the set of quantum eﬀects for their role in conserving specific structures that are important in quantum mechanics. Since the preserves in this work mainly target the quantum eﬀects, we provided principals of its corresponding algebra known as eﬀect algebra. Then we advanced, to study the relations between some of these preservers (here we mean automorphisms) by channels operate on qubit eﬀects. The channels are in convex form and we investigate the role of their convex parameters in conserving or breaking the coexistence of two qubit eﬀects. The preserver that we are interested in is a bijective map which preserves the order and coexistence of eﬀects in both directions. Of course, the coexistence of qubit eﬀects can also be studied in the language of coexistence and compatibility of observables. Then our task is to study the coexistence of observables when there are only two eﬀects in their outcome sets. This task has been studied for observables with arbitrary number of eﬀects in their outcome sets . The bounds they have found for the channels convex parameters are independent of that number. However, when the case narrows for limited number outcomes no analytic solution is available, and the study should be carried numerically. Here, we considered observables each having only two nontrivial eﬀects in their out come sets, and asked for the demanding conditions that break their compatibility partially or completely.