Determinants for successful deployment of clinical prediction models : a design science research in the Dutch healthcare sector
Creemers, Stefanie (2019-06-20)
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Whereas the promises of (predictive) analytics in healthcare are clear and extensively reported, the executive practicalities are not. Mapping the factors that have a hand in the implementation and continuation (i.e. deployment) of such projects improves the execution of prediction models and hence improves diagnostic and prognostic healthcare for patients. This research takes a design science approach to create an artifact aimed at successful deployment of clinical prediction models (CPMs). Through a literature review, various factors that play a role in the deployment of CPMs are categorized. Interviews with an extensive expert panel lead to the development of the CRISP-DM Deployment Extension for CPMs. Next to opinions on the importance of each factor, new in-sights are collected on related topics. A case study at a Dutch hospital allows for the testing of the artifact. A gap analysis is conducted, leading to a practical advice in terms of successful deployment. The research concludes with a proposed deployment strategy and a list of eight recommendations that can be considered the determinants for successful deployment of clinical prediction models.