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Vertical Integration – Efficiencies, Anticompetitive Effects and Their Implications on Competition Policy
Vertical integration, a phenomenon in which two separate firms operating in different stages of a production chain merge together, is a relatively common event. Integration may be beneficial as it may improve a firm’s ...
On Why A Single Legal Test Should Cover the Entire Sphere of Exploitative Abuse in EU Competition Law
Exploitative abuse in the context of the TFEU article 102 (a) includes three types of behavior: unfairly high and unfairly low pricing, as well as other unfair trading conditions. The first two behaviors occur when a ...